After an election is called and before the day voting takes place (usually called Election Day), each candidate competes with the other candidates in the riding to convince voters why he or she is the best choice. This is called a campaign. A candidate tells voters his or her message in many different ways:

  • campaign signs
  • door-to-door canvassing
  • advertising campaigns (on television, radio, billboards and in newspapers, for example)
  • public meetings
  • debates

Many of these activities cost money. There are rules about how much money candidates are allowed to spend on campaigns, and how much money people are allowed to give to candidates.

Of course, to do all this work, candidates have several people helping them. These people are called campaign workers. People of any age, including youth, can help out on campaigns.


A teacher can dismiss class — that is, the teacher can tell the class that they can go home. The Governor General can dissolve Parliament, which is somewhat similar. These words both start with dis-. Take a look at these words:

  • disable
  • dissolve
  • disappear
  • disagree

Like the prefix un, dis makes the root word into its opposite. Try using dis with the following familiar words, then create some sentences with them: advantage, approve, believe, colour, comfort, connection, courage, engage, infect, illusion, satisfy, respect.

Sometimes, the dis word is used more than the root: disgust, for example. The root gust (which is associated with the sense of taste) is not as familiar to English speakers as disgust.



What do these signs have in common? What is different? What message do you think each candidate is trying to send to voters?


Have you ever participated in an election? Young people across Canada get involved in elections by volunteering to help candidates, attending public debates and expressing their views on social media.Some issues that are often important to young Canadians are access to colleges and universities, employment and skills training and equal rights. Think about what election issues are important to you.