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DIEFENBAKER, The Right Hon. John George, C.H., P.C., Q.C., B.A., M.A., LL.B., LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S.C., F.R.S.A., D.Litt., D.S.L.
Picture of DIEFENBAKER, The Right Hon. John George, C.H., P.C., Q.C., B.A., M.A., LL.B., LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S.C., F.R.S.A., D.Litt., D.S.L.
Photographer:
Paul Horsdal
© Paul Horsdal

Source: Library and Archives Canada, PA 130070
Date of Birth (yyyy.mm.dd): 1895.09.18
Place of Birth: Neustadt, Ontario, Canada
Deceased Date (yyyy.mm.dd): 1979.08.16 (83 years old)
Profession | Occupation: Barrister, lawyer
Party Leader:
Notes: Of Scottish origin.

Appointed the first woman, Ellen Louks Fairclough, and the first Canadian of Ukrainian origin, Michael Starr, to Cabinet on June 21, 1957.

Recommended the appointment of the first North American Indian, James Gladstone, to the Senate as of January 31, 1958.

Recommended the appointment of the first French Canadian, Major General Georges Philias Vanier, as Governor General as of August 1, 1959.

The John Diefenbaker Defender of Human Rights and Freedom Award is created in his honour, February 8, 2012.

Federal Political Experience
Years of Service: 14388 Days (39 years, 4 months, 22 days)
^ House of Commons
ConstituencyPolitical Affiliation at ElectionDate of Election (yyyy.mm.dd)Result
Prince Albert, Saskatchewan Died in office. Progressive Conservative 1979.05.22 Elected
Prince Albert, Saskatchewan Progressive Conservative 1974.07.08 Elected
Prince Albert, Saskatchewan Progressive Conservative 1972.10.30 Elected
Prince Albert, Saskatchewan Progressive Conservative 1968.06.25 Elected
Prince Albert, Saskatchewan Progressive Conservative 1965.11.08 Elected
Prince Albert, Saskatchewan Progressive Conservative 1963.04.08 Elected
Prince Albert, Saskatchewan Progressive Conservative 1962.06.18 Elected
Prince Albert, Saskatchewan Progressive Conservative 1958.03.31 Elected
Prince Albert, Saskatchewan Progressive Conservative 1957.06.10 Elected
Prince Albert, Saskatchewan Progressive Conservative 1953.08.10 Elected
Lake Centre, Saskatchewan Progressive Conservative 1949.06.27 Elected
Lake Centre, Saskatchewan Progressive Conservative 1945.06.11 Elected
Lake Centre, Saskatchewan Conservative (1867-1942) 1940.03.26 Elected
Prince Albert, Saskatchewan Conservative (1867-1942) 1926.09.14 Defeated
Prince Albert, Saskatchewan Conservative (1867-1942) 1925.10.29 Defeated

^ Parliamentary Group
PartyTerm (yyyy.mm.dd)
Progressive Conservative 1942.12.11 - 1979.08.16
Conservative (1867-1942) 1940.03.26 - 1942.12.10

^ Offices and Roles as a Parliamentarian
Prime Minister of Canada

PortfolioTerm (yyyy.mm.dd)
Prime Minister 1957.06.21 - 1963.04.21

Minister

PortfolioTerm (yyyy.mm.dd)
President of the Privy Council 1962.12.21 - 1963.04.21
Secretary of State for External Affairs (acting) 1959.03.19 - 1959.06.03
Secretary of State for External Affairs 1957.06.21 - 1957.09.12

Leader of the Official Opposition

PortfolioTerm (yyyy.mm.dd)
Leader of the Official Opposition 1963.04.22 - 1967.09.08
Leader of the Official Opposition 1956.12.14 - 1957.06.20

^ Committees - House of Commons
Committee membership is shown below by session. All members who served on a committee at any time during a session are listed.

CommitteeRoleDuring Session
Standing Committee on Agriculture and Colonization Member 22nd Parl., 3rd Session (1956.01.10 - 1956.08.14)
Standing Committee on External Affairs Member 22nd Parl., 3rd Session (1956.01.10 - 1956.08.14)
Special Committee on Broadcasting Member 22nd Parl., 2nd Session (1955.01.07 - 1955.07.28)
Standing Committee on Agriculture and Colonization Member 22nd Parl., 2nd Session (1955.01.07 - 1955.07.28)
Standing Committee on External Affairs Member 22nd Parl., 2nd Session (1955.01.07 - 1955.07.28)
Standing Committee on Agriculture and Colonization Member 22nd Parl., 1st Session (1953.11.12 - 1954.06.26)
Standing Committee on External Affairs Member 22nd Parl., 1st Session (1953.11.12 - 1954.06.26)

^ Committees - Joint
Committee membership is shown below by session. All members who served on a committee at any time during a session are listed.

CommitteeRoleDuring Session
Joint Committee on Old Age Security Member 21st Parl., 2nd Session (1950.02.16 - 1950.06.30)

^ Political Party Roles
Progressive Conservative Party

RoleTerm (yyyy.mm.dd)
Leadership Candidate 1967.09.09 - 1967.09.09
Leadership Candidate 1956.12.14 - 1956.12.14
Party Leader 1956.12.14 - 1967.09.08
Leadership Candidate 1948.10.02 - 1948.10.02
Leadership Candidate 1942.12.11 - 1942.12.11
Provincial / Territorial Political Experience
^ Provincial / Territorial Responsibilities
Saskatchewan

ResponsibilityTerm (yyyy.mm.dd)
Leader of the Conservative Party 1936 - 1940
Municipal Political Experience
MunicipalityLocal GovernmentFunctionMandate
Wakaw,
Saskatchewan
Municipal Government Councillor 1920 - 1923
Military Service


Military OrganizationFunctionTerm (yyyy.mm.dd)
196th Battalion Lieutenant 1916 - 1917
105th Saskatoon Fusiliers Regiment Served overseas and was invalided home, 1917. Lieutenant - 1917
World War I, 1914-1918 Participant -
Selected Publications This bibliography includes books, chapters in books and journal articles written, edited, compiled or translated solely by the parliamentarian or with others.

Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the following information. Should you find any errors or omissions, please contact us at the following e-mail address: parlinfo@parl.gc.ca

^ Sole Author Books

  • I never say anything provocative: witticisms, anecdotes and reflections by Canada's most outspoken politician / selected and edited by Margaret Wente.
    Toronto : Peter Martin; 1975. 147 p.

  • My first prairie Christmas .
    [Toronto] : Cooper & Beatty; 1988. [12] p.

  • Nous allons de l'avant.
    [Canada] : s.n.; [1961?]. 13 p.

  • One Canada: memoirs of the Right Honourable John G. Diefenbaker.
    Toronto : Macmillan of Canada; 1975-. 3 v.

  • Personal letters of a public man: the family letters of John G. Diefenbaker / with an introduction by J.L. Granatstein; edited by Thad McIlroy.
    Toronto : Doubleday Canada; 1985. 255 p.

  • Those things we treasure.
    Toronto : Macmillan Co. of Canada; 1972. 170 p.


Chapters in Books

  • Across the border .
    In: The star-spangled beave ed. John H. Redekop. Toronto : Peter Martin Associates; 1971. p. 36-45.

  • Agriculture.
    In: Canada: nation on the march. Toronto : Clarke, Irwin & Company Limited; 1953. p. 99-103.

  • Sir John A. Macdonald.
    In: Historical and Scientific Society of Manitoba. Papers read before the Historical and Scientific Society of Manitoba / edited by Frank Hall. Historical and Scientific Society of Manitoba. Winnipeg : Historical and Scientific Society of Manitoba; [1970]. p. 39-48.


Articles

  • A climate of progress and prosperity: the Progressive conservative platform.
    Saturday Night. 77 : 13-15 May 1962.

  • Canada's defence policy.
    External Affairs. 15 : 105-117 Feb. 1963.

  • The Commonwealth.
    External Affairs. 9 : 194 June/July 1957.

  • International tension.
    External Affairs. 13 : 293-294 Aug. 1961.

  • Talks with President Kennedy.
    External Affairs. 13 : 230-32 June 1961.


^ Multiple Authors Oral History Project

  • Interview of the Rt. Hon. John Diefenbaker conducted January 26, 1967 and March 12, 1967, January 14, 1968, October 30, 1968, May 7, 1969, November 26th and 27th, 1973 and December 20, 21 and 22nd, 1973 / by Peter Stursberg.
    Ottawa : Library of Parliament; [1967-1973?]. 5 pts.


^ Other Related Bibliographical Sources

  • Diefenbaker: remembering the chief / introduction by Jack Macleod ; edited by Thad McIlroy.
    Toronto : Doubleday Canada; 1984. 160 p.

  • Quotations from Chairman Diefenbaker / [researched and produced by Anthony Bond and Brian Shaw].
    Winnipeg : Greywood Pub.; [1968]. 159 p.

  • The wit and wisdom of John Diefenbaker.
    Edmonton : Hurtig; 1982. 130 p.

Archival fonds and collections

Library and Archives Canada holds a fonds or collection of private records relating to this parliamentarian.

For any general question about the political and governmental records in the holdings of Library and Archives Canada, please call the toll free number 1-866-578-7777 and select “Reference Services”.
Additional information ^ Biographical information
Marriage (1929.06.29 - 1951.02.07)
  • Brower, Edna Mae
    Birth: 1901 (Prince Albert, Saskatchewan) Death: 1951.02.07



Marriage (1953.12.08 - 1976.12.22)
  • Freeman, Olive Evangeline
    Birth: 1902 (Roland, Manitoba) Death: 1976.12.22

Children
  • Palmer, Carolyn
    Birth: 1934
    Daughter of Olive Evangeline Freeman and Harry Palmer
Cause of Death: heart failure
Place of Burial: Beside the Rt. Hon. John George Diefenbaker Centre at the University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
^ Heritage Information
Plaques, Statues, etc.:
  • A plaque formally honouring the Right Honourable John George Diefenbaker as a person of national historic significance was unveiled on May 8, 2010 at the University of Saskatchewan, Prince Albert, Saskatchewan
  • Ottawa, Ontario
    Parliament Hill
    Statue
  • Places, Buildings, etc.
    Named After Prime Minister:
  • Saskatoon John G. Diefenbaker International Airport. The Saskatoon Airport was renamed in 1993.
  • John G. Diefenbaker Building. Former Ottawa City Hall building, located at 111 Sussex Drive, in Ottawa, Ontario renamed in 2012.
  • Historic Sites: Prince Albert, Saskatchewan
    246, 19th St.
    Additional Information
    on Historic Sites:
    DIEFENBAKER LAKE, a man-made reservoir lake South of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. It was formed by the construction of 2 dams that created a widening in the South SASKATCHEWAN River as part of the South Saskatchewan River Development Project, inaugurated in 1958. The reservoir has a live storage capacity of about 4 billion m3 of water that feeds a hydroelectric power plant and an irrigation project. It contributes to the water supply of Saskatoon and is a popular water recreation area. It was named in 1967 for John DIEFENBAKER, the first Saskatchewan resident to become prime minister of Canada; the larger of the 2 dams is named for J.G. GARDINER, Diefenbaker's arch-opponent.
    Other Information: First Among Equals -- The Prime Minister in Canadian Life and Politics
    (Library and Archives Canada)
    Details of Interest
  • First Canadian PM with active service in World War 1
  • The first Saskatchewan resident to become prime minister of Canada
  • Appointed member of the Privy Council, September 15, 1957 by Queen Elizabeth II

  • ^



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